Android spyware Bahamut spreads disguised as Voice of Islam app


A spy campaign for Android was found spreading actively via the link – – which has been taken down. Cache page for this link shows weblinks which led the user to download a malicious apk file:

Original page images, posted on Twitter:


Infection cycle

Upon installation and execution, the app does not appear to perform a lot of activities to the user. In the background it contacts the attacker with device IMEI, this might be the registration mechanism usually observed in Android malware:

Contacts stored on the device are siphoned back to the attacker:


Spyware capabilities

This application contains a number of spyware components which aim at extracting sensitive user related information and sending it back to the attackers server –

Call logs:




Device information:


Media files with support for a number of extensions:

Interestingly the spyware has support for .crypt11 and .crypt12 file extensions which are encrypted Whatsapp chat history databases.



String encryption

This malware uses Blowfish encryption to encrypt strings using the key 9;_R%@c`gZxL9M{j”. This key has been linked with the Android spyware campaign Bahamut.


Network investigation

We observed the following VT graph for the domain

The second malicious app identified from this graph – 6ef7ea19a000f2570c30ae3814b8482f – contains similar functionality as the one analyzed.

Upon further digging, we found another app related to this campaign via Koodous:


This app  ( MD5 – 9368dd657e410f8a9ba2b71c95cc0777) contains a similar code and component structure related to the previous app, but with a minor change. It uses a secret key K&M9B#)O/R\u0007=P%hA which again coincides with the known keys associated with Bahamut campaign.

Overall this malicious spyware aims at stealing sensitive user information from the infected devices. This malware is part of a larger campaign Bahamut, we can expect more spyware from this campaign to spread using different means in future.


SonicWall Capture Labs provides protection against this threat via the following signatures:

  • GAV: AndroidOSBahamut.NS (Trojan)
  • GAV: AndroidOSBahamut.SM (Trojan)


Indicators of Compromise (IOC):

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The SonicWall Capture Labs Threat Research Team gathers, analyzes and vets cross-vector threat information from the SonicWall Capture Threat network, consisting of global devices and resources, including more than 1 million security sensors in nearly 200 countries and territories. The research team identifies, analyzes, and mitigates critical vulnerabilities and malware daily through in-depth research, which drives protection for all SonicWall customers. In addition to safeguarding networks globally, the research team supports the larger threat intelligence community by releasing weekly deep technical analyses of the most critical threats to small businesses, providing critical knowledge that defenders need to protect their networks.