Over the past five years, cybercriminal groups have become increasingly corporatized. The early 2020s even saw them starting to market themselves as they endeavored to become widely known — both to be taken more seriously and to build a reputation for “fair” dealings with their victims. Lesser-known groups were even known to borrow the branding of larger groups, hoping to cash in on the brand recognition surrounding them.
But while the paychecks kept pouring in, cybercriminal groups seemed to lose sight of one thing: they weren’t legal entities in the way the corporations they emulated were. In fact, there was nothing legal about them at all, as many were reminded when politicians and law enforcement ramped up enforcement efforts and they found the long arm of the law pointed squarely in their direction.
After every cybercriminal arrest, the same refrain is repeated: “We applaud the efforts of law enforcement, but we don’t expect the bust to bring about lasting change.” But a look at data from the first half of 2023, as reported in the just-released Mid-Year Update to the 2023 SonicWall Cyber Threat Report brings this accepted notion into question, as we’ve seen threat actors begin to shun the spotlight and focus more on lower-risk activities such as cryptojacking, IoT malware and encrypted threats.
Malware Continues its Migration
Malware remained essentially flat year-to-date, falling just two percent compared with the first half of 2022. But that doesn’t mean there isn’t a great deal of change going on below the surface. With 1.3 billion hits (out of a global total of 2.7 billion), North America still sees the lion’s share of malware, but it was also the only region to record a decrease. In contrast, Europe and LATAM saw double-digit growth, suggesting that cybercriminals are shifting their attention to new shores.
Customers working in education and finance saw particularly large increases in malware, though none of the industries we examined showed a decrease.
Ransomware is Down, but Poised for a Turnaround
If cybercriminals are showing a greater interest in remaining under the radar, then a decrease in ransomware — a form of cybercrime that relies on the threat actors announcing and introducing themselves — should be expected. Still, with attack volumes down 41% over the first six months of 2022, many might wonder whether cybercriminals are giving up on ransomware for good.
There are a number of reasons we don’t think so, one of which is the trend line for ransomware as we moved through 2023. While the year-to-year trend line still points downward, on a month-by-month basis, we’ve actually seen ransomware rise, with a second quarter 74% higher than the first.
Cryptojacking’s Record Surge Continues
But if ransomware is down, what’s rising to take its place? We’ve seen an increase in several attack types, but perhaps the most pronounced has been in cryptojacking. The number of cryptojacking hits reached 332 million hits in the first half of 2023, up a staggering 399% year-to-date. This not only represents a new record high — it also puts 2023 on track to see more cryptojacking hits than all other years on record combined.
IoT Malware Jumps by More Than a Third
SonicWall Capture Labs threat researchers noted a continued increase in the amount of IoT malware in the first half of 2023, jumping 37% to 77.9 million. At this rate, the number of IoT malware attacks will easily eclipse last year’s total, itself a record high.
As we’ve seen with other threat types, North America saw a decrease in attacks. At a modest 3%, however, this dip was more than made up for by triple-digit jumps in Asia and Latin America. India, in particular, saw an outsized number of these attacks: IoT malware there skyrocketed 311%.
Malicious PDF and Office Files Fall by Double Digits
The number of attacks involving malicious PDFs dropped 10% in the first six months of 2023, but there was an even bigger decrease in the use of malicious Microsoft Office files: Those attacks fell a staggering 75% compared with the same time period in 2022. Some of this drop may be due to Microsoft’s recent efforts to increase security, but time will tell whether this is a sustained downturn or whether cybercriminals make inroads around these new restrictions.
“The seemingly endless digital assault on the enterprise, governments and global citizens is intensifying and the threat landscape continues to expand,” said SonicWall President and CEO Bob VanKirk. “Threat actors are relentless, and as our data indicates, more opportunistic than ever before, targeting schools, federal governments and retail organizations at unprecedented rates. The 2023 SonicWall Mid-Year Cyber Threat Report helps us understand both the criminal mindset and behavior, which will in turn help organizations protect themselves and build stronger defenses against malicious activities.”