cURL new addition to LOLBins


The SonicWall Capture Labs Threat Research Team has observed a new Microsoft Excel sample, which uses curl.exe to download AVE Maria Remote Admin Tool. This sample launches curl.exe using XLM Macro.

cURL is a command-line tool for getting or sending data including files using URL syntax. cUrl is included by default in Windows 10 build 17063, or later.

Any country where the French language is spoken, or is the official language, may be the target of this campaign, given that the sheet name is “Feuil1” which means “Sheet1” in French.


Upon opening the file, the user is displayed instructions to enable content as shown below:

Fig-1: Excel File

If the user enables macro, the following code is executed:

Fig-2: Macro Sheet

The downloaded file remains under analysis, and initial investigations show that it belongs to the “AVE-Maria RAT” family.

File properties indicate that the sample was created on 20-Sep-2020 and modified on 27-Apr-2021 8:14 pm (UTC) as shown below.

Fig-3: Sample properties

Sonicwall Capture ATP detected the sample as soon as it was first observed in the wild ( 27-Apr-2021 9:01:05 GMT) as is evident from the sample properties and Capture Detection Report:

Fig-4: Capture Report


Indicators of Compromise:


  • 2e07eafbfb9f4700dbb3983d59d45939eb80f99807aee1c85e955d6f67991794 {Excel File}
  • 5bdc77c84e5ae4fd2c48746ad421b04fb8af9dca2b4d0e9e38906b777f976577 {Excel File}
  • 27b2fd40a9bf3ea07a45437c743cf9fdba97565231e4ae3ea90adf897e26b663 {Executable File}

Network Activity:

  • akmestarhfc[.]in/public/smartpc[.]exe
  • http://bitcoincoin[.]xyz/payment/xls[.]exe
Security News
The SonicWall Capture Labs Threat Research Team gathers, analyzes and vets cross-vector threat information from the SonicWall Capture Threat network, consisting of global devices and resources, including more than 1 million security sensors in nearly 200 countries and territories. The research team identifies, analyzes, and mitigates critical vulnerabilities and malware daily through in-depth research, which drives protection for all SonicWall customers. In addition to safeguarding networks globally, the research team supports the larger threat intelligence community by releasing weekly deep technical analyses of the most critical threats to small businesses, providing critical knowledge that defenders need to protect their networks.