Vigilante malware removes cryptominers from the infected device


SonicWall CaptureLabs Threats Research Team observed an interesting Android malware that acts an an anti-hero. Upon infecting a mobile device, it checks for the presence of specific cryptominers and removes the miner infection from the device and saves the day … or does it ?

The complete infection cycle can be summarized in two stages as below:

Stage I

Once the malware infects a device it downloads the first stage of the attack payload from one of the following two sources as of now:

  1. hxxp://
  2. hxxp://

This script performs the following tasks:

  1. Check the architecture of the infected system and download the second stage of the attack using wget or curl commands
  2. Give appropriate permissions to the second stage and executes it on the device
  3. Remove the file downloaded for the second stage and uninstall an app with package name com.ufo.miner which is a miner similar to ADB miner that we blogged about in the past

Stage II

Apart from the above mentioned miner, the malware seeks the presence of other miners as well. It performs device forensics via:

  • Checking the contents of the memory region for a particular process via /proc/<pid>/maps
  • Checking the folders on the device for specific files that are present when a crypto miner infects a system:
    • /data/local/tmp/smi
    • /data/local/tmp/rig
    • /data/local/tmp/trinity





The malware created a hidden file on the device named .HqMBksnBExR82Ja with its contents simply being – ’“”.

It deletes the ELF file (linux executable) from the disk once it is executed:

Since the malware executes an ELF file (linux executable) there is no easy way for the user to determine if this file is running on the device. As shown below, the code runs on the system using a long alphanumeric process name:

Even though it appears that the malware cleans the system from previously installed cryptominers it is doing so without the user’s permission thereby violating the security model of Android. It is likely that the malware is cleaning up the system and making room for something more potent and damaging that may surface in the near future. Regardless, apps that perform dangerous/suspicious actions in the background without informing the user cannot be trusted.

It is advisable to keep our Android devices up-to-date with latest security patches and always ensure that Google Play Protect is running on the device as it provides an added layer of security by periodically scanning the device for malicious threats.

SonicWall Capture Labs provides protection against this threat via the following signatures:

  • GAV: AndroidOS.Fbot.ST1 (Trojan)
  • GAV: AndroidOS.Fbot.ST2 (Trojan)
  • GAV: AndroidOS.Fbot.ST2_2 (Trojan)

Indicators Of Compromise (IOC):

  • c480feeb89bd9e63940c079124ee20f8 – Script from hxxp://
  • c33b06c762d2240771cc748f5d8f09c3 – Script from hxxp://
  • 99a8afcf640f65dda77646623d38f182 – fbot.mipsel
  • c4d306820f08692ac527c7ec27adb858- fbot.aarch64
  • 156d9b75df8efa4eb20fe79d90aadabd – fbot.arm7
  • cae2ddcac530bd13d8cb562422f59c35 – fbot.x86
  • 2143c9125908a7283ef5b1152ff78d66 – fbot.x86_64
Security News
The SonicWall Capture Labs Threat Research Team gathers, analyzes and vets cross-vector threat information from the SonicWall Capture Threat network, consisting of global devices and resources, including more than 1 million security sensors in nearly 200 countries and territories. The research team identifies, analyzes, and mitigates critical vulnerabilities and malware daily through in-depth research, which drives protection for all SonicWall customers. In addition to safeguarding networks globally, the research team supports the larger threat intelligence community by releasing weekly deep technical analyses of the most critical threats to small businesses, providing critical knowledge that defenders need to protect their networks.