Compromised WordPress-based websites redirect users to explicit sites (Aug 16, 2013)


The Dell SonicWALL Threats Research team discovered mass defacements of various WordPress based websites which include government websites in the Asia Pacific regions. These reputable domains are typical targets for cybercriminals as their platform for carrying out malicious activities because these sites are less likely to be blocked by security software.

The majority of the websites involved in this attack were running on an outdated version of the popular blogging software, WordPress. Visiting the website for the first time would redirect the user to a malicious site. This was accomplished by inserting a few lines of obfuscated malicious JavaScript on the homepage as seen in the screenshot below.

Figure 1: Obfuscated malicious JavaScript

Decrypting and analyzing the code reveals that the attacker is ensuring one visit per browser session by using traditional cookies. It creates a cookie named ‘doRedirect’ when visiting the compromised website and redirects the browser to a malicious explicit URL shortened using Google’s URL shortening service. Subsequent visits to the compromised website will no longer be redirected.

Figure 2: Deobfuscated JavaScript

Further research uncovers many other legitimate websites injected with the same malicious JavaScript. Most of them are running on an outdated version of WordPress or use popular blogging platforms such as Tumblr or Blogger. The embedded malicious URLs lead to the same explicit website but use different URL shorteners such as or

Figure 3: URL redirect using &

Statistics on two different “” URLs we found which redirect to the same explicit website show how widespread this attack is. Garnering over 15,000 clicks in a day and totaling to over 300,000 clicks since the shortened link was first created targeting many regions of North America, Asia and Europe.

Figure 4: Statistics on URL #1 Figure 5: Statistics on URL #2

Dell SonicWALL Gateway AntiVirus provides protection against this threat with the following signature:

  • GAV: FakePostePay.A (Trojan)
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The SonicWall Capture Labs Threat Research Team gathers, analyzes and vets cross-vector threat information from the SonicWall Capture Threat network, consisting of global devices and resources, including more than 1 million security sensors in nearly 200 countries and territories. The research team identifies, analyzes, and mitigates critical vulnerabilities and malware daily through in-depth research, which drives protection for all SonicWall customers. In addition to safeguarding networks globally, the research team supports the larger threat intelligence community by releasing weekly deep technical analyses of the most critical threats to small businesses, providing critical knowledge that defenders need to protect their networks.