New Cridex variant from drive-by blackhole exploit (Aug 17, 2012)


Dell Sonicwall Threats research team have discovered a new variant of the Cridex Banking Trojan. The Trojan utilizes the blackhole exploit kit for drive-by system infection. The purpose of this Trojan is to steal online banking credentials. It has the ability to intercept encrypted communications between banking websites and their customers.

The infection occurs when visiting a webpage with a malicious blackhole script [Detected as GAV: BlacoleRef.W_8 (Exploit)]:

The Trojan creates the following file on the filesystem:

  • %APPDATA%KB01217753.exe [Detected as GAV: Cridex.E_4 (Trojan)]

The Trojan creates the following key in the Windows registry to enable startup after reboot:

  • HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionRun KB01217753.exe “%APPDATA%KB01217753.exe”

Upon infection the Trojan injects code into explorer.exe, causing it to send the following sensitive data, encrypted, to a remote C&C server:

In the same manner as in a previous variant, it hooks various Winsock internet communication API’s to intercept incoming and outgoing browser traffic.

It also hooks crypto API’s such as CryptDecrypt, CryptEncrypt, EncryptMessage and DecryptMessage. This is for the purposes of intercepting SSL communication between banking websites and thier customers and injecting html code into webpages to steal credentials. Below is a sample of a decrypted configuration file that we recieved from a remote C&C server:

SonicWALL Gateway AntiVirus provides protection against this threat via the following signatures:

  • GAV: BlacoleRef.W_8 (Exploit)
  • GAV: Cridex.E_4 (Trojan)
Security News
The SonicWall Capture Labs Threat Research Team gathers, analyzes and vets cross-vector threat information from the SonicWall Capture Threat network, consisting of global devices and resources, including more than 1 million security sensors in nearly 200 countries and territories. The research team identifies, analyzes, and mitigates critical vulnerabilities and malware daily through in-depth research, which drives protection for all SonicWall customers. In addition to safeguarding networks globally, the research team supports the larger threat intelligence community by releasing weekly deep technical analyses of the most critical threats to small businesses, providing critical knowledge that defenders need to protect their networks.